Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of kidney cancer found within the United States. Nearly 30 thousand men and women are treated for the presence of kidney cancer each year. This is less than 5% of all reported cancer cases per year.
Renal Cell Carcinoma represents about 85% of the cases reported. In this type of kidney cancer, the tubes within the kidneys are targeted, and growths and sores develop on their inner lining. Generally, men are much more susceptible to this type of cancer than women, although there’s no definitive answer of why.
A diagnosis of kidney cancer of any type means that you need to move quickly to determine a course of treatment. Depending on the patient’s health, the stage of the cancer and the other areas of the body affected, the treatment options will vary. Surgery, specifically will be used only in cases where it is specifically indicated as a last resort. Although humans can live normally with one kidney, doctors try to save the affected kidney where function still remains.
Kidney cancer does tend to spread beyond the kidneys through the bloodstream and lymphatic system. This means that aggressive treatment at early stages give the patient the best chance of survival.