Lymphoma is a cancer that settles into the lymph nodes of patient. The lymphatic system is responsible for supporting the immune system of humans. For this reason, early detection and treatment are imperative to the survival of the patient.
Also, the lymphatic system travels throughout most of the body. This means that the cancer can also spread to all parts of the body if not quickly contained.
Middle-aged and older white men are most at risk for developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Epstein-Barr Syndrome and HIV will also place a person at serious risk for the development of this disease. Symptoms will often appear to represent other conditions, but if any of the following occur without explanation, the patients should be seen be a doctor as soon as possible:
- Unexplained night sweats, as if a fever was breaking
- Severe abdominal pain or bloating
- Fever – without the presence of infection
- Non-allergic rash that doesn’t go way with treatment
- Extreme lethargy and fatigue
The tests that are used to diagnose Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma include:
- Blood work
- Biopsy of lymph glands
- Bone marrow aspiration
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment technique, although radiation is frequently employed as well.
Prognosis really depends on the stage of the cancer, and the health of the patient. Good health at the time of diagnosis is important as the patient may experience decreased immunity with this disease and the treatment.