Growths of cell masses on the Pituitary Gland are often benign tumors; however in some cases these growths will be carcinomas that are malignant. The Pituitary Gland is responsible for providing the growth and development hormones within the human body. These hormones are essential throughout the human lifetime and cancer can seriously diminish the potential of the gland to produce efficiently.
There are two common types of malignant cancers of the Pituitary Gland. These are invasive adenomas and carcinomas. Both are very serious, in that they do not affect only the gland, but also other body systems and organs. The brain is particularly at risk, because of the close proximity of the Pituitary Gland to the brain.
Surgical removal of the gland is common treatment, although the ramifications of hormone replacement are quite serious for the patient. Also used are hormonal therapy, radiation and chemotherapy.
Symptoms may include headaches, blurred vision, difficult vision that is unexplained by any known condition. Patients who have already experienced breast or lung cancer should be particularly aware of any of these symptoms, as they are the most common types of metastasizing cancers which spread to the Pituitary Gland.