When the tissues of the Thyroid Gland are attacked by rogue cells, the patient is said to have Thyroid Cancer. Because the gland produces many hormones important to the health of the patient, this type of cancer must be treated very aggressively in order to ensure continued good health. A failure to maintain the health of the patient will render them unable to handle chemotherapy and other treatment options that might be necessary to overcome the cancer.
People between the ages of 25 and 65 are the most affected, women more prevalently affected than men. Anyone with a thyroid condition, especially when the gland is enlarged, is at a higher risk for the onset of thyroid cancer than other people. Therefore, their doctor will regularly monitor the thyroid in order to detect and irregularities as soon as possible.
Blood tests and tissue biopsies are the primary methods used by physicians to diagnose the presence of thyroid cancer in a patient. Elevated or severely decreased hormone levels will often indicate the presence of a problem, and additional tests will allow the determination of the presence of thyroid cancer.
Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are commonly used in the treatment of this cancer. But there is another weapon for use against thyroid cancers, hormone therapy. This type of treatment is most successfully used in the treatment of thyroid cancer because of the hormone levels within the gland itself, cells can sometimes be stopped in their tracks by additional hormones being introduced.
Prognosis for patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer will depend on the health of the patient, the stage of the cancer and the genetic make-up of the patient.