The growth of cancerous tissue within – or on the surface of the bladder – is known as bladder cancer. Bladder cancer does not target one gender more than another, and it can strike at any age. Obviously, the presence of prostate, cervical or urethral cancer will increase a patient’s likelihood for developing bladder cancer.
Painful urination and the presence of blood in the urine are both signs that a person needs to be examined right away to determine if the cause of these symptoms could be cancer. There are three specific cancers that attack the bladder.
The first is Transitional cell carcinoma. This is how most bladder cancer begins. The inner lining of the bladder is made up of transitional cells. The reason that the cells are called transitional is that they can change size easily to accommodate the stretching of the bladder.
Next, Squamous cell carcinoma. When a person experiences a long bladder infection, this type of cancer can sometimes result.
The Adenocarcinoma variety is the most intense type of bladder cancer. This type of cancer tends to affect all layers of tissue in the bladder and to spread easily and quickly to other parts of the body. Frequently, the surrounding lymph nodes are affected in Adenocarcinoma.
Treatment is case specific, although surgery is best avoided for most patients. Chemotherapy and radiation are the more effective types of treatment frequently recommended by oncologists and urologists who specialize in the treatment of bladder cancer patients.